PNAS 99 (Suppl. 3)
Back in May 2002, the National Academy of Sciences published a special issue on agent-based modeling. Whether or not this is your cup of tea (it's a bit too deductive for my tastes), there are some fascinating discussions here:
M W Macy and A Flache. "Learning dynamics in social dilemmas"
J M Epstein. "Modeling civil violence: An agent-based computational approach"
K M Carley. "Computational organization science: A new frontier"
E Bonabeau. "Agent-based modeling: Methods and techniques for simulating human systems"
L Henrickson and B McKelvey. "Foundations of "new" social science: Institutional legitimacy from philosophy, complexity science, postmodernism, and agent-based modeling"
R J Lempert. "A new decision sciences for complex systems"
B J L Berry, L D Kiel, and E Elliott. "Adaptive agents, intelligence, and emergent human organization: Capturing complexity through agent-based modeling"
E Elliott and L D Kiel. "Exploring cooperation and competition using agent-based modeling"
R Lempert. "Agent-based modeling as organizational and public policy simulators"